Too be honest…I found this article fascinating!


Dowsing for the Paranormal

SOuL Searchers – Articles

by Janine Donnellan

“I know very well that many scientists consider dowsing as they do astrology, as a type of ancient superstition. According to my conviction this is, unjustified. The dowsing rod is a simple instrument which shows the uncanny reaction of the human nervous system to certain factors which are unknown to us at this time.” Albert Einstein

Dowsing has existed in various forms for thousands of years. Originally it may have been for divination purposes, to divine the will of the gods, to foretell the future. During the Middle Ages the dowsing rods were used for the purpose of dowsing for the truth in trials but as it was in 1701 the inquisition stopped the use of the dowsing rods because they believed the process was associated with the Devil.

Dowsing as practiced today probably originated in Germany during the 15th century, when it was used to find metals. The technique spread to England with German miners who came to England to work in the coal mines.

Dowsing has been used to find sources of underground water and lost objects. This method has also been useful to map out the location of ley lines and energy vortices and is referred to as electro-magnetic reception. This process utilises the same senses that animals rely on for finding direction, food, each other and is also innate in every human being.

Dowsing may be defined as the communication of subtle energies and information perceived by one’s extended senses and natural intuition with the focused “rational” mind through the use of a device, tool and or learned response. The unconscious mind detects far more information than it ever sends to the conscious mind. Dowsing rods operate on the theory that the unconscious mind can detect the subtle energy presence. Information received in this manner is of holographic nature, not limited by time and space, or the acknowledged physical laws of the universe.

There are 2 common types of dowsing tools, pendulums and dowsing rods.

Dowsing rods are rods made out of wood or metals. Dowsing rods usually come in two shapes, L shape and Y shape. The L shaped rods are 2 L shaped wires, usually made out of metal preferably copper or brass, you hold one in each hand and their movements provide you with the information that you seek. With dowsing rods, you will use the same technique as with the pendulum, but instead of rotating, the rods will open or cross to indicate a response to a question or will move according to the energy that it perceives.

According to some dowsers who use divining rods, brass or copper are good conductors of energy and allows the rod to attune to magnetic fields emanated by the target without the earth’s EM field interfering, as would be the case with a metal such as steel. The end of the rod to be held by the dowser is often encased in a material that provides a constant electrical impedance, to prevent the dowser’s own conductivity from interfering with the dowsing process.

Skeptics of dowsing believe that the dowsing apparatus has no special powers, but merely amplify small imperceptible movements of the hands arising from the expectations of the dowser. This psychological phenomenon is known as the ideomotor effect. Some supporters agree with this explanation, but maintain that the dowser has a subliminal sensitivity to the environment, perhaps via electroception, magnetoception, or telluric currents. Others believe their powers are paranormal.

Dowsing rods have been used for many years in paranormal research. Some researchers believe that these rods or pendulums can pick up on energy fields somewhat like an EMF Meter. Some also believe that by using dowsing rods, a spirit can control their movement by indicating “yes or no” answers by positioning the rods in different fashions or pointing the holder of the rods in a direction to lead them to a specific area. See Dowsing with L-Rods for more information.

In paranormal investigations you can program the pendulum or dowsing rod using your intent to show where there is a concentration of spirit energy. With this method the pendulum will just hang until paranormal or spirit energy is present at which point it will start to oscillate and the speed and intensity of its movement correlates with the intensity of the energy as its movement will be strongest when directly over the source of the energy.

With Dowsing Rods the rods will cross whenever you walk over an energy vortex or concentration of spirit energy. Ideally you should be specific as to which type of energy you’re seeking. You can also ask the dowsing rods to point you in the direction of the spirit energy.

You don’t need to have any particular talent in using dowsing rods or pendulums but the quality of dowsing efforts do vary, depending upon how one approaches the activity.

Over time with practice one develops one’s own intuitive apparatus through an extension of one’s natural feeling and intuitive perceptions.



How algorithms help us understand books

How can algorithms help us understand books?

Recently the Sunday Times outed J.K. Rowling as the author of the detective novel The Cuckoo’s Calling, published under her nom de plume Robert Galbraith. While devotees of Rowling quickly procured and binge-read her latest work, linguists and language lovers worldwide celebrated the computational analysis of the two scholars who helped reveal the true author of the book in question.

Patrick Juola (Duquesne University) and Peter Millican (Oxford University) were both approached by a Times reporter to compare The Cuckoo’s Calling with the novels of J.K. Rowling and three other possible authors. In a guest post on Language Log, Juola describes his process. He first explains the theory of “forensic stylometry”: “language is a set of choices, and speakers and writers tend to fall into habitual, or at least common, choices.” By running tests on variables (such as distribution of word length, percentage of the 100 most common words, and frequency of pairs of adjacent words), Juola found that though the results were “mixed,” it suggested Rowling as the most likely author. Millican ran computational tests to arrive at the same conclusion, discovering along the way that Rowling is less likely to use the phrase “as soon as” than the three other writers examined.

Rowling is not the first mystery writer to have her text subjected to the exacting analysis of computational linguistics and their complex algorithms. One episode of the WNYC show Radiolab features Ian Lancashire, a professor at the University of Toronto, who made a startling discovery about Agatha Christie upon running computational word-frequency and vocabulary tests on her novels. On her 73rd detective novel, her vocabulary decreased by a shocking 20% from that of her previous 72 novels. Additionally Christie’s use of words such as “thing,” “anything,” “something,” and “nothing” increased sixfold. Lancashire concluded that Christie’s 73rd novel, appropriately titled Elephants Can Remember, marked the onset of Alzheimer’s for this cherished author, who was never diagnosed in her lifetime. Lancashire told Radiolab, “I was seeing the author in the text in a way that people haven’t seen the author in the text before.”

This kind of textual analysis enabled by computers can give readers a richer understanding of books and the authors behind those works. One paper by researchers at the Federal Technological University of Paraná (Brazil) and the University of Aberdeen (UK) explores the social network in the Odyssey, comparing it with modern social networks to suggest that Homer’s epic is based, in part, on actual events. A visualization of character co-occurrences in Les Misérables created by Mike Bostock helps readers instantly understand the interrelationships of characters in a way that is much more subtle when reading the book.

The Google Ngram Viewer is an excellent resource for language lovers, historians, or sociologists who wish to look at more than just one book; it allows users to search the various Google Books’ corpora (collections of words and texts) to understand trends of word usage over time, often providing insight into social and cultural implications of these trends. Recently the term Popemobile was added to As part of the research for that new entry, lexicographers used the Google Ngram Viewer to generate a visualization of when this word first started appearing in English-language books—the mid-1970s. We can also learn from this graph that Popemobile appears more frequently with an initial capital letter than in all lowercase type. This kind of data helps provide the most accurate and high-quality definitions for our users.

From revealing the true author of mystery books to helping lexicographers write better definitions, technology quickly illuminates books in ways that might have taken a lifetime of research without the aid of computers. Writers who wish to stay anonymous can attempt to outsmart stylometry experts—there’s even a program being developed for this very purpose called Anonymouth. Perhaps J.K. Rowling will use a tool like this to disguise her writing the next time she decides to clandestinely break into a new genre.

Annual Perseid Meteor Shower Arriving


Annual Perseid meteor shower arriving
By Blaine P. and Friedlander Jr., Published: AUGUST 03, 5:06 PM ET

The annual Perseid meteor shower — peaking Aug. 11-12 — could produce pretty, poignant and plentiful points of light. Let’s hope for clear skies.

At its heaviest, about 90 meteors an hour are predicted, according to the Royal Astronomical Society of Canada Observer’s Handbook. But even if you diligently watch the sky, you’ll see only a fraction of peak meteors. Certainly, you’re bound to catch a few shooting stars on the evening of Aug. 11, but you’ll likely see more in the wee morning hours of Aug. 12, after the constellation Perseus ascends the eastern heavens.

To hunt for them, step away from the light. Find yourself a dark location away from lighted playgrounds, parking lots and streets. Armed with your coffee, amble your way into a lawn chair and look up. Although the meteors appear to emanate from the Perseus constellation, many meteors will leave trails through many parts of the sky.

On Aug. 11, a fattening new moon will be in the western sky in the evening, but it will set around 10:30 p.m., leaving behind dark heavens.

The Perseid meteors are not a one-night show. For several days before and after the Aug. 11-12 peak, you can likely catch these fun shooting stars.

How are falling stars born? On Earth’s annual run around the sun, our planet’s atmosphere strikes the dusty trail of comets gone by, and these dirty, leftover specks light up in our sky. In this case, the Perseid meteors are the debris from Swift-Tuttle — a comet discovered separately by Lewis Swift and Horace P. Tuttle in July 1862.

Beyond meteors, enjoy a few planets: Find the effervescent Venus and ringed Saturn in the west-southwestern sky at dusk. Of the two planets, Venus is brighter at negative 3.9 magnitude, and it appears very similar to an airliner with luminous landing lights. A very young, skinny crescent moon loiters with Venus on Aug. 9.

Saturn, in the southwest at dusk, hangs out at zero magnitude. You should be able to discern the planet in the urban and suburban light pollution of greater Washington. On the evening of Aug. 12, the growing moon will be to Saturn’s lower right. The next night, at first quarter, to Saturn’s lower left.

For early rising joggers and beachgoers, your morning eyes can feast on Jupiter, Mars and Mercury. At negative 2 magnitude, Jupiter is the easiest to find, rising around 3 a.m. and high in the eastern heavens before dawn. Not far behind, our neighboring planet — the reddish Mars (first magnitude) — follows Jupiter. It’s a little harder to see.

For the week’s subsequent mornings, you can catch Mercury before dawn. This fleeting planet follows Jupiter and Mars — and it brightens to negative first magnitude at week’s end, but it also appears to move closer to the sun.

Down to Earth events:

●Aug. 5: “The Wibbly-Wobbly, Timey-Wimey, Gravitationally Lensed Universe,” a terrifically timely talk by astronomer Alice Olmstead, at the University of Maryland Observatory, College Park. See the heavens through telescopes afterward. 9 p.m.

●Aug. 10: “Exploring the Sky,” hosted by the National Capital Astronomers and the National Park Service. At Rock Creek Park, near the Nature Center south of Military and Glover roads NW. 8:30 p.m. ­

●Aug. 10: An array of astronomers from the Northern Virginia Astronomy Club join Sean O’Brien of the National Air and Space Museum to telescopically guide you through the heavens. At Sky Meadows State Park near Paris, Va. A program for children precedes sky exploration. Parking $5. Arrive before dark. 7:30-10:30 p.m. Park phone: 540-592-3556.

●Aug. 11: Astronomer Jason Lee describes the sun’s coronal mass ejections. At the Northern Virginia Astronomy Club. Room 163, Research Hall, George Mason University, Fairfax. 7 p.m.

●Aug. 20: “Prepping for Comet ISON,” a lecture by astronomer Elizabeth Warner. She’ll describe what possibly may be the brightest comet in a generation. At the University of Maryland Observatory, College Park. Telescopic viewing afterward, weather permitting. 9 p.m.

When in Rome: Everyday Latin Phrases


Ibid. is an abbreviation for the Latin word ibidem meaning “in the same place.” The phrase is useful for citations and bibliographies to refer to a source cited in a previous entry, possibly appearing in a citations page as:
[1] Cicero, M.T. Latin 101 (Rome: Academic, 21 BCE), p. 4.
[2] Ibid.
Ibid. is always followed by a period, is capitalized only at the beginning of a sentence or citation, and may or may not be italicized depending on the writer’s preference.

Merry Mix-Ups: 9 British Terms That Flummox



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When many of us hear the word saloon we think of an old-timey bar with large swinging doors and ragtime music playing in the background. But in the UK, if you ask to be taken to a saloon, you might be guided to what we in the States refer to as a sedan–a car that seats four or five people. If this outcome is disappointing, remember it’s the perfect opportunity to ask for a ride to the pub.


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Proceed with caution when disclosing any information regarding your pants to a Brit because in British English, the word pants means “underpants.” If you must discuss the heavenly breathability or superior fabric grade of your new slacks, consider using the term trouser to ensure it translates accurately.


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In the US, the word jumper refers to a person or thing that jumps. But in the UK, jumper has the softer, cozier meaning of “sweater.” This sense of the word can be traced back to the now-obsolete definition of jump as a short coat worn by men in 1600 and 1700s.


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Jim Henson is credited with coining this term in the US to refer to his beloved part-puppet, part-marionette creations, but in Britain the word muppet has taken on a colloquial sense to refer to an incompetent or ineffective person–an idiot. No doubt Ms. Piggy would take umbrage at this less-than-flattering derivation.


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When many of us think of biscuits, we think of soft, flaky baked buns lathered in butter or gravy. But US tastebuds be warned: in British English, the word biscuit, also known as a digestive biscuit, or sometimes just a digestive, refers to what we might call a cookie or cracker. The word derives from the Latin biscoctum panem which means “twice-baked bread.”

Agony aunt

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The term agony aunt, may conjure a family member who pinches her relatives’ cheeks a little too hard, squeezes them a little too tight, and gossips about their marriage prospects (or lack thereof) a little too fervently. But in the UK, this term refers to an editor of what is called an agony column, or what US readers might know as an advice column. The writers of Dear Abby and Ask Ann Landers are examples of agony aunts.


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For many of us, the word braces conjures middle-school memories of metal-clad mouths and trips to the orthodontist. For the Brits, braces can also refer to suspenders, as in straps that hold up trousers. Both of these meanings can be traced back to the Old French word brace or braz, meaning “arms,” and its verb form bracier meaning “to embrace or to render firmly or steady by tensing.”

Boot and bonnet

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Boots and bonnets are not items that we commonly associate with cars, but in the UK, boot refers to a car’s trunk, and bonnet refers to its hood. Be it with boots, bonnets, or hoods, it’s clear that people like to dress their cars in clothing terminology on both sides of the pond.


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If you want what we in the States know as pudding–a soft, thick gelatinous treat–while traveling in Great Britain, you might have to get more specific with your terminology. Across the pond, pudding can refer to any sort of dessert course or to a stuffed entrail or sausage. This broader meaning explains the rise of everyone’s favorite pudding-related proverb, The proof is in the pudding, or as it was originally phrased, All the proof of the pudding is in the eating.



Bullying may conjure up images of school kids ganging up on each other on the playground, but adults are guilty of partaking in the nasty practice too – on the Web, in the workplace, and even at restaurants. Luckily, some bystanders aren’t looking the other way anymore.
When two New Jersey teens overheard a cashier getting an unfair earful from a customer, they spoke up. And it not only felt good, but tasted good, too.
On Sunday, Kailee Whiting, 19, shared her story on Reddit, writing: “Stood up for an innocent employee at Wendy’s who was being bullied by a customer. She gave us free frosties and chicken nuggets.” Whiting also posted a photo of the two shakes sitting atop a piece of paper that read, “You guys are AWESOME. (Hope you like vanilla.)”

“I thought it was really sweet of the cashier,” Whiting’s girlfriend, 18-year-old Katie Light, told Yahoo! Shine. “It was nice to know that she was happy that we stood up for her. Karma gave us something back.”
The two Rowan University students were standing in line waiting for their food at a Wendy’s restaurant in Franklin, New Jersey, when a woman in front of them started yelling at the cashier. There had been a power outage 20 minutes earlier, causing a backup in the kitchen, so things had become a bit hectic behind the counter. According to Light, the customer yelled, “If you weren’t ready to take my order, you shouldn’t have called me up!”
“We were very shocked that an older woman would even be so immature,” Light explained.

Whiting, who works in retail and at a diner in Sussex County, New Jersey, could empathize with the cashier; she explained to the displeased woman that working in the food industry is difficult and that the cashier was doing her best. Her words, however, weren’t so well received. The woman shoved her hand in Whiting’s face and told her to “shut up and stop talking,” according to Light.

“When we got our food, the cashier smiled and said, ‘Here’s your chicken nuggets.’ She gave us a free 16-piece chicken nuggets even though we didn’t order any. And when we were done, she came out with a tray of two Frosties just as a nice gesture … like, ‘Thank you for standing up for me.'”

The couple later found out that the frustrated woman called to inform the manager that the cashier gave away two free Frosties, but the manager reportedly didn’t mind.
And standing up to bullying has become a wider movement in recent years, with a much greater outcome than just getting some free fast food. In 2011, 14-year-old Jonah Mowry’s YouTube video describing his despair over being bullied for being gay went viral. It has received nearly 11 million views to date and has caught the attention of celebrities like Lady Gaga and Jordin Sparks. He recently posted a follow-up clip in which he illustrates how much his life has improved thanks to the support he received because of the original video.

That same year, the Weinstein Company came out with an award-winning documentary, “Bully,” that exposes teen bullying throughout schools in America. Since its debut, a number of anti-bullying campaigns, projects, and support groups have been created.

And in 2012, Michigan sophomore Whitney Kropp was elected homecoming queen, but her peers made fun of her on Facebook and the elected homecoming king gave up the crown. When a local Michigan resident found out, she created a Facebook page (that has since received more than 90,000 “likes”) to support Whitney, spread the story beyond the small town, and launch a fund to send Whitney to the dance.

The lesson here? It never hurts to speak up, and you’ll probably feel rewarded, free meal or not.